News coverage of environmental issues in Print Media: A Study of two dailies published from Himachal Pradesh


  • Pawan Koundal Assistant Editor, Department of Publications, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New JNU Campus, New Delhi, india.


Environment, Pollution, Climate Change, Dainik Jagran, Himachal Pradesh, Divya Himachal


Over the years, the environment has changed and becomes a major concern for people. Due to human intervention, it has a negative effect on every living being on earth. Research shows that there is a lack of awareness of these issues and people sometimes involve themselves unintentionally compromise with the environment. The role of the media is rapid and effective in influencing people's mentality and sensitizing them to the importance of protecting planet Earth from all the adverse effects of environmental degradation. The rural environment India faces threats such as deforestation, climate change, landslides, extreme weather conditions, among others, there is a need to implement better mass communication practices by media houses that can inform people about various environmental issues in rural areas. For the rural population, print media, radio and television are still the main source of information. The study focuses on how the newspapers address environmental issues in Himachal Pradesh. In order to find out about the approach of the newspaper to environmental stories, the content analysis of the two Himachal Pradesh dailies was carried out for one week. The analysis is done by classifying news items based on various categories of environmental issues. In this study, two newspapers Divya Himachal and Dainik Jagran have been analyzed. Divya Himachal is the flagship Hindi Daily of Himachal Pradesh and the only ‘owned’ print media house in the state. On the other hand, the Himachal edition of Dainik Jagran was chosen for the study, as it tops the circulation figures in the recent IRS survey published in January 2019 and its Himachal edition is very popular. In this study, a content analysis was applied to detect the news coverage of environmental issues in the two dailies for one week. The main focus of the content analysis for this study is to analyze the number of stories published on environmental issues, space and their placement in the newspaper. The limitation of the study is the print media coverage of the environmental issues of two newspapers published from Himachal Pradesh.


Anderson, A. (1997) Media, Culture and the Environment. London, UK: UCL Press

Dutt, B., Garg, K. C., & Bhatta, A. (2013). A quantitative assessment of the articles on environmental issues published in English-language Indian dailies. Library and Information Studies, 60(3).

Lucas, A. (2013, October). Print Media’s Coverage on Environmental Issues in India. Paper presented at Garden City College National Seminar, Bangalore. Retrieved from

Ostman, R.E., and Parker, J.L. (1987) Impact of Education, Age, Newspapers and Television on Environmental Knowledge, Concerns and Behaviors, Journal of Environmental Education 19(1)

Parveen, H. (2016). A Study of the Coverage of Environment and Sustainable Development in Indian English Dailies. IMS Manthan (The Journal of Innovations). 11. 10.18701/imsmanthan.v11i02.7765.

Smith (2011). Social Media and Politics. In T. Thomas, D.David (Eds.), New Media, Campaigning and 2008 Facebook election. Routledge.

Patil M.D. (2011). Recent trends of Print Media in Development Communication. Global Media Journal (2)

Kerlinger, F.N. (1986). Foundations of behavioural research (3rd ed), New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Koundal, P. (2017). Globalisation and print production techniques. Retrieved from