ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPMENT CLUSTERS IN THE WESTERN NIGER-DELTA, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Weje, Innocent I Department of Urban And Regional Planning Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  • Dike, Emmanuel Chigozie Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworokwo, Port Harcourt. nigeria.

Keywords:

Development clusters, spatial inequality, Region, Development, Regional growth, Social Justice, Redistributive planning

Abstract

This study examined the spatial clustering of selected socio-economic facilities in the various Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Western Niger-Delta, Nigeria with a view to determine if the development pattern in the area is clustered or scattered in space. The research adopted the non-experimental research design since there was no manipulation of the variables involved. A set of socio-economic variables that served as indicators of development were collected from diverse sources and analyzed using gini-coefficient and the non-hierarchical cluster analytical technique. The cluster result showed that ninety percent (90%) of the LGAs in the study are deprived in terms of the distribution of selected indicators of development. Two levels of clustering representing highly deprived and deprived, clusters were achieved. The picture reviewed in this study is such that although, most of the LGAs in the study area appears not be done well in development terms, the observed growth pattern proceeds in a discernable pattern resulting in the clustering of development between and among LGAs in the Western Niger Delta. The paper opines that since western Niger Delta area is structured by ethnic groups rather than class, planning prescriptions in the area should aim to promote the material and non material claims of disadvantaged groups and regions through redistributive planning. This can be achieved through the identification and building of institutions; enthronement of development policies that promotes social justice; group identity and participatory democracy.

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Published

2021-09-03

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