SOCIO-ECONOMIC DISPARITIES PREVAILING IN INDIAN SOCIETY : AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

Authors

  • Megha Thakur Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce & Management, Govt. Mohindra College,, Punjabi University, Punjab, India.

Keywords:

SOCIO-ECONOMIC, INDIAN SOCIETY, EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS, EQUALITY

Abstract

In economics, we often talk of the discrimination which means denial of equality and human rights to women and the freedom to make decisions which affects their lives as well as results in widening disparities in the human capabilities and functioning associated between man and woman. From the view point of economics, gender discrimination severely limits expansion and utilisation of human capabilities in women and it has critical implications for economic growth. The inequality between men and women is one of the most crucial disparities in many societies, and this is more prominent particularly in India. The differences in the female and male literacy rates are one aspect of this broader phenomenon of the gender-based inequality in India. In most parts of the country, women tend in general to fare quite badly in relative terms compared with men, even within the same families. This is reflected not only in such matters as education and opportunity to develop talents, but also in the more elementary fields of nutrition, health as well as survival. India is amongst the fastest growing countries in the world today, with a GDP growth rate of more than 8 percent during the XI plan period. This high level of growth can, however, is sustained only when all the sections of the society, especially women become equal partners in the development process. It is well recognised that societies which discriminate by gender tend to experience less rapid economic growth and poverty reduction than societies which treat men and women more equally. Gender equality and empowerment would, thus, need to be core development goals for achieving inclusive growth and egalitarian society. Some deliberate policy steps are critical to achieve gender equality. Gender discrimination cannot be automatically corrected in the course of development. The institutions of economics, politics and law must be considered in terms of how they relate to each other and how they play out across the different spheres where gender discrimination occurs and gender assessments have to be undertaken continuously to reveal gaps and monitor progress towards gender equality.

References

Antonopoulos, Rania (2007), ‘The Right to a Job and the Right Types of Projects and Employment Guarantee Policies from a Gender Perspective’, Report submitted to the Institute of Levy for Economics, Bard College, Hudson, U.S.A, pp. 8-9.

Ashok, Pankaj and Tankha, Rukmin (2010), ‘Empowerment Effects of the NREGS on Women Workers: A Study in Four States’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XLV, No. 30, pp. 49-57.

Chattopadhyay, Arundhati (2012), ‘Women’s Empowerment across Indian States’, Yojana, Vol. 56, pp. 30.

Dreze, Jean and Murthi, Mamta (1996), ‘Demographic Outcomes, Economic Development and Women’s Agency, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 42, pp. 1739.

E.M.Thomas, (2010), ‘The Relevance of NREGA in Ensuring a Corruption Less Wage Employment Programme and Women Empowerment’ Available At: http://knowledge.nrega.net/660/ (Assessed on 20/03/2011).

George,Sabu M. and Ranbir, S. Dhhiya (1998), ‘Female Foeticide in the Rural Haryana’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol xxxiii, p. 1.

Gupta, Alka (2007), ‘Female Foeticide in India’, Report submitted to Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, New Delhi, pp. 2-3.

Hausmann et al. (2009), ‘Seizing Opportunities for Women’, The Global Gender Report, World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 53.

Karat, Brinda (2005), ‘Survival and Emancipation for Indian Women’s Struggles’, Survival and Emancipation Collective Essays, pp. 5-6.

Khera, Reetika and Nandi Nayak (2009), ‘Women Workers and Perceptions of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXLV, No. 43, p. 50.

Lal, A. k (1979), ‘Status of Women in an Urban Setting: An analysis of role differential in the family’, Man in India, Vol. 59, p. 7.

Ministry of Women and Child Development, (2011), Annual Report, Government of India, New Delhi, pp. 12.

Pelletier, D.L (1994), ‘The Relationship between Child Anthropometry and Mortality in Developing Countries and their Implications for Policy’, Programmes and Future Research, Journal of Nutrition Supplement, No. 2047, pp. 4-5.

Rajasekhar, D and Manjula, R (2006), ‘Voices of the Women Garment Workers’, Gender Sensitivity at Workplace, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, pp. 15-17.

Ruzicka,L.T and Kane, P. (1985), ‘Nutrition and Child Survival in South India’, Dynamics of Population and Family Welfare, Himalaya Publishing House, p. 333.

Sarojini, N.B. et al. (2006), ‘Women's Right to Health’, Report submitted to National Human Rights Commission, New Delhi, p. 4.

Sinha, Babita (2009), ‘Gender Discrimination in Child Nutrition in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand’, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Rookie, pp. 3-5.

Sudarshan, M Ratna (2011), ‘Examining the NREGA’S Role in Women’s Participation & Impacts’, Report Submitted to Indian Institute of Social Studies Trust, New Delhi, p.5.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-03

Issue

Section

Articles