DECONSTRUCTION AS A METHOD OF FILM CRITICISM
Keywords:Deconstruction, Films, Meaning, Signs, Symbols, Images
Jacques Derrida coined the term ‘Deconstruction’ in his famous book ‘Of Grammatology ‘. Barbara Johnson clarifies the term: "Deconstruction is not synonymous with "destruction", however. It is in fact much closer to the original meaning of the word 'analysis' itself, which etymologically means "to undo" -- a virtual synonym for "to de-construct." If anything is destroyed in a deconstructive reading, it is not the text, but the claim to unequivocal domination of one mode of signifying over another. A deconstructive reading is a reading which analyses the specificity of a text's critical difference from itself." Since its introduction it is widely used in literary criticism. Derrida in his writings does not talk about deconstruction of films but language of camera is actively linked with the written word. Written word in facts is ‘signs’ and ‘symbols’ which are the carriers of meaning. Camera also constructs the images and symbols with the help of cuts, angles and various other complex techniques. In the written signs the meaning is often obscured and split into various directions, rather than in a linear fashion. Likewise the visuals which viewers see on the screen cannot be limited to a linear and singular meaning. Hence, deconstruction theory is the quest of the hour as a method of film criticism. This research paper suggests a new arena in the field of film criticism through the kaleidoscope of deconstruction.
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