Construction of Identity and Multiculturalism in Novels: A semiotic and Psychoanalytic Study of ‘2States’ by Chetan Bhagat


  • Garima Singh Research scholar, School of Communication, Doon University, Dehradun, India.
  • Rajesh Kumar Associate Professor, School of Communication, Doon University, Dehradun, India.


Code-switching, cultural representation, identity, multiculturalism, psychoanalytic analysis, semiotic analysis


The construction of novels is a creative process that involves putting signs together that evoke certain signifying meaning emerging from the psyche of the author. How the meaning is assembled in text and how different identities are erected is a topic significant to study about. This paper attempts to study this aspect by analysing the novel ‘2 States’ by Chetan Bhagat using the tools of Semiotic and Psychoanalytic analysis. The findings of the study revealed that different strategies are used to construct a particular culture. Code-switching is one of them; it allows use of two or more linguistic varieties in the same conversation or interaction. Another strategy deduced is Cultural representation and signifying practices that is representation of culture through signifying practices. The paper finds that in any novel, the construction of identity and multiculturalism is not as simple as putting few words in one sentence. It demands using precise words in a precise structure of sentence with more precise direction to do that so as to communicate the desired meaning. This paper also attempts to decode and analyze latent meaning encoded in act of communication as made out in the novel.


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